Pleural effusion x ray sign

Pleural effusion • Most common radiographic sign is pleural meniscus • Volume of fluid to produce pleural meniscus within costophrenic angle varies in individual 9. Clinical findings • Decreased breath sounds • Dullness to percussion • Decreased tactile fremitus • Egophony • Pleural friction ru As much as 500 mL of pleural fluid can be present without apparent changes on the frontal view. A large free pleural effusion appears as a dependent opacity with lateral upward sloping of a meniscus-shaped contour. The diaphragmatic contour is partially or completely obliterated, depending on the amount of the fluid (silhouette sign)

Pleural effusion(X-ray Findings) - SlideShar

  1. Measurement of a pleural effusion volume with point-of-care ultrasonography may be a useful tool for intensivists and is an active area of research in critical care 7.. In controlled settings ultrasound may detect constitutive pleural fluid, can reliably detect effusions >20 mL in clinical settings, and may approach the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography
  2. Chest X-Ray Signs of Pleural Effusion. Loss of the costophrenic angle. Increased density of the affected hemithorax. Pseudo-elevation of the diaphragm. Loss of lower lobe vessels
  3. On CT fluid inside the diaphragm is ascites, whereas fluid outside the diaphragm is pleural effusion (diaphragm sign). Pleural effusions displace the crus anteriorly and laterally away from the spine (displaced-crus sign) (Fig. 72.5). The presence of the diaphragm produces an indistinct interface between the pleural effusion and liver, whereas its absence in ascites results in a sharp, well-defined interface (interface sign) (Fig. 72.6)
  4. Some patients with pleural effusion have no symptoms, with the condition discovered on a chest x-ray that is performed for another reason. The patient may have unrelated symptoms due to the disease or condition that has caused the effusion.Symptoms of pleural effusion include
  5. g a 'meniscus' - a concave line obscuring the costophrenic angle and part or all of the hemidiaphragm
  6. Typical appearances of a pleural effusion with a readily apparent meniscus. The effusion is beginning to cause mediastinal shift. Investigation is merited, not least to exclude an underlying malignancy
  7. Subpulmonic effusions (also known as subpulmonary effusions) are pleural effusions that can be seen only on an erect projection. Rather than layering laterally and blunting of the costophrenic angle, the pleural fluid lies almost exclusively between the lung base and the diaphragm.. Radiographic features Plain radiograph. The fluid causes apparent elevation and flattening of the diaphragm

A pleural effusion is the presence of an abnormal amount of fluid in the pleural space (a potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura). Pleural effusions can be transudative (lower protein/LDH) or exudative (higher protein/LDH). Transudates are commonly due to heart failure and cirrhosis, whereas exudates are commonly caused by infection and malignancy A left pleural effusion (A) is present ( solid black arrows ). This syndrome typically occurs 2 to 3 weeks after a transmural myocardial infarct. It also can occur following pericardiotomy such as occurs in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery, as in this case. The combination of chest pain and fever, left pleural effusion, patchy. Pleural effusion associated with congestive heart failure. Patients with congestive heart failure and pleural effusion present with orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and on examination have fine crackles. Chest X-ray shows cardiomegaly and bilateral pleural effusions, generally the right effusion being larger than the left

Pleural effusion Radiology Case Radiopaedia

Pleural effusion predominantly presents with breathlessness, but cough and pleuritic chest pain can be a feature. The aetiology of the pleural effusion determines other signs and symptoms. Postero-anterior chest x-ray will show an effusion of >200 mL of fluid. An ultrasound, chest computed tomography scan, or lateral decubitus study indicates whether the fluid is free-flowing or loculated, and whether or not septations are present Eleven percent of an unselected series of 157 patients with pleural effusion showed a thorn-like protrusion of fluid at the lateral end of the minor fissure at some time during their illnesses. None of a series of 146 normal x-ray films of young patients showed this thorn sign. The thorn sign is a useful radiographic finding of right-sided pleural effusion

Pleural effusion more evident on lateral view Pleural effusion is bilateral in 70% of cases of CHF. When unilateral, it is slightly more often on the right side than on the left side. There has to be at least 175 ml of pleural fluid, before it will be visible on a PA image as a meniscus in the costophrenic angle Pleural effusions caused by heart failure may not be symmetrical. This patient with heart failure had been nursed lying on their right side before this X-ray was taken. Fluid has accumulated in the right pleural space - the right costophrenic angle is not visible. No effusion is present in the left pleural space - the left costophrenic. Pleural effusion 1. Introduction Pleural effusion, a collection of fluid in the pleural space, is rarely a primary disease process but is usually secondary to other diseases The pleural space normally contains only about 10-20 ml of serous fluid Diagnostic Evaluation Chest X-ray or ultrasound detects presence of fluid. Thoracentesis.

Pleural effusion volume (ultrasound) Radiology Reference

Pleural Effusion and X-Ray Film. Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a. Pleural-effusion-on-chest-x-ray & Taegtmeyer Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Congestive Heart Failure. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search Chest x-ray and ultrasound are usually performed as first-line tests to diagnose pleural effusion, but chest CT is sometimes required (e.g., for very small effusions). Thoracentesis with pleural fluid analysis is required to establish the underlying diagnosis in most pleural effusions and can also serve a therapeutic role Pleural effusion is the accumulation of excess fluid in the lung space, the space between the membrane lining the lungs and the membrane lining the chest wall. Both membranes, the visceral and parietal layer, produce and reabsorb fluid at a specific rate. An interference in the function of fluid production or reabsorption will lead to fluid.

A chest X-ray can also detect some abnormalities in the heart, aorta, and the bones of the thoracic area. A chest X-ray can be used to define abnormalities of the lungs such as excessive fluid (fluid overload or pulmonary edema), fluid around the lung (pleural effusion), pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, cysts, and cancers Teaching: A pleural effusion can manifest on chest x-ray s blunting of the costophrenic angle. Larger free flowing effusions may have meniscus sign - the lung opacity has well delineated concave upward interface. Larger effusions can result in tracheal and mediastinal displacement. Massive effusions that result in the complete opacification. Abstract: Objective: To analyze the special radiographic findings of chronic nephropathy pleural effusion, and improve the knowledge of the characteristics of pathological pleural effusion. Methods: X-ray films from four patients with chronic nephropathy including nephrotic syndrome, renal failure, lupus nephritis and other, which were complicated with pleural effusion in different positions. A simple x-ray of a common pathology with classical signs and some sound teaching principles. One cause of opacification of the hemithorax is a pleural effusion. When large it will 'push' the mediastinum away from it. It will also have meniscus indicating fluid in the pleural space

Pleural Effusion Chest X-Ray - MedSchoo

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Chest X-Ray Signs of Pleural Effusion; Loss of the costophrenic angle; Increased density of the affected hemithorax; Pseudo-elevation of the diaphragm; Loss of lower lobe vessels; Small bilateral pleural effusions evidenced by bibasal costophrenic blunting . Left-sided pleural effusion; No Overlay. Overlay The Pleural and Extrapleural Spaces. The pleural cavity is a true space between the visceral and parietal pleura. The extrapleural space, a potential space, lies between the rib cage and the adherent parietal pleura. Each produces characteristic radiographic signs of disease, with the usual overlapping of signs

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Doctor's Notes on Pleural Effusion (Fluid Around the Lungs) A pleural effusion is a collection of fluid in the pleural cavity, the space between the lungs and the chest wall. Many different kinds of conditions can cause a pleural effusion to develop. Potential causes include cancers, infections, kidney failure, congestive heart failure, traumatic injury, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, and. suggest imaging tests, such as an X-ray, Pleural effusion is a sign of an underlying condition. Both the underlying condition and pleural effusion itself can be life threatening

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Pleural Effusion Radiology Ke

Pleural Effusion: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Pleural effusion is usually diagnosed with a physical exam and tests like a chest X-ray or CT scan. To help find out what caused the fluid to build up, your doctor may also order bloodwork or lab tests on a sample of the fluid from around your lungs Some of the pleural effusion signs your lungs may reveal are lack of breathing sounds, decreased vibration from low-frequency vocalization, and percussion dullness. Chest X-ray. Your doctor might need to perform a chest x-ray for images to clarify the extent of pleural effusion. The x-ray pictures help diagnose the condition further Effusions as small as 150 ml can be seen on a chest x-ray taken in special views (lateral decubitus view). Picture of Normal Chest X-Ray (Posterioanterior View) Picture of Chest X-Ray with a Pleural Effusion (Source : Wikimedia Commons) An ultrasound and CT scan may provide more detailed and accurate information about the pleural effusion 26yrs/Female *Hx of March 2021* Diagnostic with ENDOMETRIAL TUMOR . Biopsy done No malignancy seen MRI & PET scan - Normal Oncologist plan for Surgery . *Aug 2021* Now , She come with complaint of Cough & SOB. X-ray Perform - Pleural Fluid seen RT-PCR - Negative Pleurocentesis Done Culture - Gram staining negative only monocytes & Histocytes seen A pleural effusion appears as an area of whiteness on a standard posteroanterior chest X-ray. Normally, the space between the visceral pleura and the parietal pleura cannot be seen. A pleural effusion infiltrates the space between these layers. Because the pleural effusion has a density similar to water, it can be seen on radiographs

• Pleural effusion diminishes costophrenic angles and is visible as a crescent shape at lower lung fields in the chest X-ray. In pulmonary edema, alveolar edema, Kurly B lines, cardiomegaly, dilatation of the upper lobe arterioles, and effusion may be seen in chest X-ray The variety and severity of symptoms experienced will vary with the size of each pleural effusion. Many smaller effusions will have no obvious outward signs and may only be detected whilst investigating other conditions. These may quickly resolve when the underlying condition is addressed. Some people show no symptoms of pleural effusion Malignant pleural effusion: In a malignant pleural effusion, cancer cells are present within the pleural effusion. Hemothorax : In a hemothorax, blood is present in the pleural cavity. All of these conditions can appear similar on imaging tests such as a chest X-ray, but will differ when fluid obtained from a thoracentesis is evaluated in the. Cardiac Signs and Symptoms & Left Pleural Effusion & Pneumothorax on Chest X-Ray Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Pulmonary Embolism. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search Pleural effusions are common and are often due to: lung infections, such as pneumonia. heart failure, which is when the heart is not pumping blood around the body as well as it should. A pleural effusion can also be a symptom of several types of cancer. An effusion can develop if cancer cells have spread into the pleura

Chest X-ray Abnormalities - Pleural diseas

- Anatomy of the pleural space - Pleural effusion and trisomy 21 - Fetal pleural effusion unilater - Bilateral fetal pleural effusions - Postmortem chest x-ray of a neonate with hydrops fetalis - Chest radiograph congenital chylous pleural effusion - Chest x-ray - Acquired neonatal pleural effusion - Chest x-rays - Hemothorax in a premature neonat Next, chest x-rays may be taken to detect signs of pleural effusion in dogs which often manifests as an area of whiteness. Bloodwork including complete blood count, chemistry profile and blood gas analysis may be helpful. Further diagnostic tests such as an ultrasound may be carried out to rule out or confirm several conditions A pleural effusion also known to be as water in the lungs is a build-up of fluid in the pleural space, an area between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and the chest wall. It may also be referred to as effusion or bilateral pulmonary effusion. The type of fluid that forms a pleural effusion may be categorised as either transudate or. A pleural effusion is a buildup of extra fluid in the space between the lungs and the chest wall. This area is called the pleural space. About half of people with cancer develop a pleural effusion.When cancer grows in the pleural space, it causes a malignant pleural effusion. This condition is a sign that the cancer has spread, or metastasized, to other areas of the body chest x-ray. Treatment. Common treatments include: pleurodesis - it is a procedure that uses medicine to adhere to the lung to the chest wall. It may be done if the fluid builds up in the pleural cavity again after thoracentesis; surgery - it is commonly used to treat malignant pleural effusion

pleural effusion by others, at least one x-ray.film during that or another illness showed a definite thorn sign in 17 patients (11 percent). We conclude that indeed the thorn sign occurs in pleural effusion often enough not to be considered a rare finding. DISCUSSION In the interpretation of the chest x-ray film, recogni How is pleural effusion diagnosed? • Chest x-ray • Computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest • Ultrasound of the chest • Thoracentesis (a needle is inserted between the ribs to remove fluid) • Pleural fluid analysis (an examination of the fluid removed from the pleura space) How is pleural effusion treated This PA Chest X-Ray demonstrates a left sided pleural effusion. In this condition fluid collects between the parietal and visceral pleura and appears as a shadowy fluid level on the X-Ray with obliteration of the costophrenic angles. If you were to examine this patient they might be in respiratory distress from reduced oxygen uptake (so have low sats, high resp rate, possible cyanosis and. Case Discussion. Simple pathology, but important radiological lesson - white out of the hemithorax. Is the trachea in the normal position, pushed or pulled? The trachea is pushed to the right confirming a large pleural effusion.. Ultrasound may be used to assess the nature of the effusion and for ultrasound guided percutaneous drainage.. CT is often used to investigate the cause further.

Pleural effusion is not always visible as a meniscus in the costophrenic angle. A subpulmonic effusion may follow the contour of the diaphragm making it tricky to discern. In these cases, the only way to detect pleural effusion, is when you notice that there is an increased distance between the stomach bubble and the lung X-ray: Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity which appears white on X-rays, while air space looks black. Treatment [edit | edit source] The principle treatment approach with pleural effusion is to treat the underlying cause. Medication: Antibiotics, Diuretic

Pleural effusion. Coloured frontal X-ray of the lungs of a 60-year-old patient with a pleural effusion of the left lung (right). The lungs are the red spaces either side of the chest. The left lung is smaller than the right lung due to a pleural effusion, an accumulation of fluid (lower right) in the chest cavity Pleural effusion. Coloured frontal X-ray of the lungs of a 70-year-old patient with a pleural effusion of the lungs. The lungs are the dark spaces either side of the chest, which are smaller than usual due to an accumulation of fluid (lower left and right) in the chest cavity. The liquid compresses the lung, which leads to breathing difficulties There is opacification of the left lower hemithorax due to a pleural effusion (fluid gathering in the pleural space). This has PUSHED the whole mediastinum to the right. In this case the patient was found to have mesothelioma, a malignancy of the pleura related to asbestos exposure. « Previous. Top Chest x-ray and CT with batwing sign. View in Context: Pulmonary Edema - Approach to the Patient; Chest X-ray Patterns in the Differential Diagnosis of Lung Disorders; Pleural Effusion; Chest X-ray Patterns in the Differential Diagnosis of Lung Disorders; Right-sided pleural effusion A pleural effusion usually has a sharply marginated, concave-upward curved border between the lung and pleural space, which is known as the meniscus sign. Because the posterior costophrenic angle is more dependent than the lateral costophrenic angle, smaller pleural effusions are more apparent on the lateral view (with >75 mL of fluid.

Tension pneumothorax with chest drain insitu | Image

May 4, 2020 - Prepared by medical student of Nepal. This is for educational purpose Pleurisy And Its Complication (Effusion) On Chest X-ray Pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining surrounding the lungs. There are many possible causes of pleurisy but viral infections spreading from the lungs to pleural cavity are the most common Pleural effusion(X-ray Findings) from image.slidesharecdn.com Check for pleural thickening and pleural effusions. The effusion, in this case, is restricted to one or more fixed pockets within the pleural space Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself. Pleural Effusion X-ray.

Pleural effusion - meniscus Radiology Case Radiopaedia

A pleural exudate without pleural thickening most likely represents malignancy or uncomplicated pleural effusion. [ 4 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 2 , 10 ] With most empyemas, enhanced chest CT scans demonstrate the split-pleura sign (see the second and third images below) X-ray findings may include: Conventional radiography is usually the first step in the detection of a pleural effusion. The pleural fluid is opaque. Pleural fluid should fall with gravity and be in the most dependent part of the hemithorax, based upon patient positioning for the x-ray i.e. upright, supine, decubitus, etc • The diagnosis of pleural effusion can be suspected from a properly done physical examination. • Chest x-ray is the most precise way to confirm the physical findings. It demonstrates the presence of pleural fluid as homogenous opacity with a meniscus-sign and obliteration of the costophrenic angle

Subpulmonic effusion Radiology Reference Article

Pleural effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (the area between the two layers of the thin membrane that covers the lungs). Fluid can accumulate in the pleural space as a result of a large number of disorders, including infections, tumors, injuries, heart, kidney, or liver failure, blood clots in the lung blood. Pleural effusion is a common cause of atelectasis in the adjacent lung. Many different types of conditions can cause pleural effusions, with heart failure and pneumonia among the more common ones. (A chest X-ray example of pleural effusion can be seen above under silhouette sign Physical examination revealed signs of a moderate right-sided pleural effusion but was otherwise unremarkable. Full blood count, clotting, and renal and liver function tests were normal. C reactive protein was <5 mg/l. Chest x-ray revealed a moderate right sided pleural effusion Loculated Pleural Effusion X Ray / Derrame pleural: causas, diagnóstico e tratamento - Signs of underlying pulmonary pathology e.g., pneumonia, pleural effusion. . Pleural effusion is an accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity between the lining of the lungs and the thoracic for recurrent pleural effusion or urgent drainage of infected. A pleural effusion is the accumulation of excess fluid in the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs. Certain heart conditions, such as a right pleural effusion, can be detected with an ultrasound. In the past, tuberculosis was a leading cause of pleural effusion. The treatment for any type of pleural effusion is mostly based on the underlying cause

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Recognizing a Pleural Effusion Radiology Ke

Case Study Pleural effusion NSG/340 Sandra Gilderson, MSN/Ed, RN Case Study Diagnosis and admission A.B. admitting diagnosis pleural effusion, pulmonary infiltrates possible pneumonia based on the result of chest x-ray. Also the presenting signs and symptom provided information that can link to pleural effusion evidenced of his signs and. Pleural effusion (dullness to percussion decreased tactile fremitus and decreased or absent breath sounds) Adjacent pneumonia (rales or crackles and/or bronchial breath sounds) Evaluation. Radiographic Investigations. Plain chest x-ray: Pleural effusion can easily be detected by conventional radiographic

Pleural effusion: diagnosis, treatment, and managemen

An x-ray was performed revealing a large right-sided pleural effusion (Figure 1). A bedside ultrasound was then performed, showing a loculated pleural effusion (Figure 2). The patient underwent a therapeutic and diagnostic thoracentesis, returning straw colored fluid Pyothorax, X-Ray, Chronic Purulent Pleurisy Or Pleural Empyema, Corresponds To The Presence Of Pus In The Pleural Cavity, Caused By An Infection, It... Pleurisy seen on a side chest x-ray. Pleurisy, right lung, seen on a radial section chest scan Are you looking for answer regarding Pleural Effusion X Ray? Find your solution related to Pleural Effusion X Ray , get your query answered 24*7 with expert advice and tips from doctors on Lybrate

Pleural effusion - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment BMJ

A 48-year-old man presents with a 3 day history of right sided pleuritic chest pain, fever and a productive cough. His chest x-ray shows a moderate right sided pleural effusion with consolidation in the right mid and lower zones. Select the most appropriate statement from those listed below X-ray findings in cases with complete atelectasis of the lung include: Opacification of the entire hemithorax due to complete collapse of a lung; Ipsilateral shift of the mediastinum, that helps distinguish atelectasis from pleural effusion; X-ray findings suggestive of right upper lobe (RUL) collapse include: Medial and superior shift of RU Pleural effusion clearance was assessed radiologically and recorded if there was a subsequent chest x-ray during the hospital admission documenting no effusion. Post-surgical patients with intercostal catheters inserted at the time of surgery were not included in the effusion drainage group unless there was a new drain inserted after surgery Loculated Pleural Effusion X Ray - Chest x ray pathology. no change in position of effusion withchange in position of chest.Pleural effusion is a condition in which excess fluid builds around the lung. In the usa approximately 1.5 million people are diagnosed with a pleural effusion each year 2 does no focal consolidation and no pleural effusion in xray rule out copd? Answered by Dr. Barton Butterbaugh: Xray findings: No. These are xray findsings associated with other chr..

Pleural Effusion: The Thorn Sign - CHES

Pleural Effusion. Pleural effusions are collections of fluid between the parietal and visceral pleura caused by a disruption of the homeostatic forces that control normal flow. Under normal circumstances the space has a small amount of lubricating fluid present to allow the lung surface to glide within the thorax during the respiratory cycle Nov 2, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Ibz. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinteres Loculated Pleural Effusion Chest X Ray. Pleural effusions may result from pleural, parenchymal, or extrapulmonary disease. In the context of a large effusion, mediastinal shift toward the side of the effusion should alert the clinician to the possibility of. Transthoracic ultrasound reveals amount and level of

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The Radiology Assistant : Heart Failur

Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is inflammation of the membranes that surround the lungs and line the chest cavity (). This can result in a sharp chest pain while breathing. Occasionally the pain may be a constant dull ache. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, cough, fever or weight loss, depending on the underlying cause.. The most common cause is a viral infection effusion Non-loculated pleural effusion pH, Gram staining + culture, biochemistry + differential blood count Gram staining + culture Loculated pleural effusionb Laboratory results + chest X-ray Chest ultrasound Thoracentesis Pusc Serous fluid pH <7.2 pH >7.2 Drainage ± fibrinolytic Therapeutic thoracentesis Drainage + thoracoscopy ±. The chest x-rays show a thick walled cavity in the right middle lobe and an airspace opacity in the left upper lobe with cavity. There is a patchy opacity in the left lingular lobe. There is no pneumothorax or pleural effusion and the cardiomediastinal contour appears normal Ultrasound has produced better results than X-ray scans in the assessment of lung pathologies , and pleural ultrasonography has proven to be superior to supine radiography in detecting pleural effusions, with comparable performance to computed tomography (CT) [5, 6]. When evaluating a pleural effusion, it is also important to assess the dynamic. Background Pleural separation, the split pleura sign, has been reported in patients with empyema. However, the diagnostic yield of the split pleura sign for complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPPE)/empyema and its utility for differentiating CPPE/empyema from parapneumonic effusion (PPE) remains unclear. This differentiation is important because CPPE/empyema patients need thoracic drainage

Chest X-ray - Cardiac disease - Pleural effusion

What Is A Pleural Effusion? As described by the Mayo Clinic, when the pleura becomes inflamed and fluid builds up in the pleural space between the two layers of tissue, it is called pleural effusion (PE). According to the Cleveland Clinic, pleural effusion is sometimes referred to as water on the lungs A large left sided pleural effusion as seen on an upright chest X-ray. A pleural effusion is usually diagnosed on the basis of medical history and physical exam, and confirmed by a chest X-ray.Once accumulated fluid is more than 300 mL, there are usually detectable clinical signs, such as decreased movement of the chest on the affected side, dullness to percussion over the fluid, diminished.

Pleural effusion - SlideShar

Introduction. The causes of pleural effusion are pulmonary or extrapulmonary diseases. 1 The most common cause is congestive heart failure.1, 2 Pleural effusion is rarely caused by peritoneal dialysis. Approximately 2% of all CAPD patients develop massive transudative pleural effusion. 3 CAPD-related pleural effusion was first described in 1967 and usually occurs on the right side 4 but. Chylous effusion is a rare cause of pleural effusion in children, although it is the most common cause of pleural effusion in the first week of life. Chylothorax may be congenital or acquired. It arises from the leakage of chyle into the pleural space as a result of damage to the thoracic duct by rupture, laceration, tear, or compression. [ 32 ]

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